SB 5579 is an act related to improving transparency and protecting patients from balance billing. The legislature finds that a number of patients face surprise bills when a health care facility is in network, but certain providers, particularly those providing emergency services, radiology, pathology, laboratory, or anesthesiology services, may not be in network as they choose not to contract with health carriers. These noncontracted providers often balance bill patients for the difference between their billed charges and the carrier's payment. Patients are surprised by these bills and are not informed of the cost of services in advance of treatment. It is therefore the intent of the legislature to require hospitals that have contracts with health carriers to ensure that all providers who are treating patients at their facility have a contract not only to perform services, but also to establish reimbursement for such services and to not balance bill patients.